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Justicia adhotada works to treat fever and inflammation with its antibacterial action. The plant is not an effective treatment for all bacteria strains, but compounds in the plant’s leaves are effective against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The active compounds in the leaves reduce fever and inflammation as they eliminate the offending bacteria. Along with its medicinal qualities, the plant’s bitter taste repels insects. It is commercially cultivated in India, where farmers use the leaves as an herbicide.